This is about fennel including its hormonal properties and potential use for breast enhancement.
The genus of fennel goes by the scientific name of Foeniculum. The species Foeniculum vulgare goes by sweet fennel.
Fennel belongs to the Apiaceae family, otherwise known as the celery or carrot family.
The celery family includes several herbs: angelica (dong quai), anise, caraway, carrots, celery, coriander, cumin, dill, fennel and parsley.
Constituents of interest
Fennel contains diosgenin, anethole, estragole and dianethole. Diosgenin is a replica of progestogen. Anethole and estragole are stilbenes, and dianethole is a polymer of anethole.
Fennel raises prolactin. Foeniculum use has had demonstrated a minor result of reducing body hair and for protecting ovarian tissue.
Stilbenes are likely estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) antagonists. The positive effects of fennel seem conditional, when in the presence of bodily estrogen.
Foeniculum for breast enhancement
The seed of fennel would be used.
While fennel is a common spice used in cooking, there are questions about its and other spices within the celery family's role in cancer. Use of fennel should be minimal, perhaps under 100mg as tea, no more than once a day, or avoided for those who have health concerns.
Herb timing and combinations' success for breast enhancement relies on menstrual phases.
Descriptions of results from combination herb use, potentially Foeniculum or herbs with similar properties, can be seen in the program blogs of: anon03, anon04, anon05, Canadian Belle and hirsutism.
Anise (Pimpinella) seed and wild yam (Dioscorea) together is a possible substitution for fennel. Wild yam contains diosgenin. Anise, dill and liquorice contain anethole, estragole or related compounds. Dill seed is potentially a less potent replacement for anise.
Angelica (dong quai), anise, caraway, carrots, celery, coriander, cumin, dill, fennel and parsley within the celery family have varying hormonal properties.
Spearmint, peppermint and basil have constituents: anethole, estragole or similar phytochemicals. It seems these herbs are more androgenic, while spearmint and peppermint usually had estrogenic actions.
Ginseng and schizandra potentially have properties and effects that overlap with fennel's. However, the properties of ginseng and schizandra vary too much from fennel. These two adaptogens these would require more precision in an herb combination to improve estrogen balance.
There are questions about herbs that contain anethole, estragole or their derivatives about their roles in cancer. Many herbs within the carrot family related to fennel have these stilbenes. Basil and some mints also contain stilbenes. These are commonly used in food, many used as spices, and they normally are not a concern.
Unfortunately, the celery family has a few toxic members that can cause severe permanent injury to the touch and/or death if ingested: hemlock, fool's parsley and hog weed. These deadly plants resemble other members within the celery family.
Be sure you properly identify safe herbs before handling or use.
If you have hirsutism, PCOS, hot-flashes, other signs of hormone imbalances, see estrogen-imbalance and treating hirsutism program before trying herbs. See precautions for more details of care to be taken with herb use. Proper nutrition is a consideration for health. Also, check for the latest blog updates about herb and hormone safety.
Herb concentrates can be tens of times more potent by weight than herbs in solid form. This can easily lead to hormone imbalances. For this reason, concentrate extracts are not recommended for extended or excessive internal use, especially during fertility years. Concentrates shouldn't be used to overcome plateaus. Another issue with herbal extracts, is that they may not have the full range of properties of the herb. Essential oils are not recommended for breast enhancement. If opting to use herb extracts, use no more than 1 drop at a time diluted in a food-grade carrier oil (like unrefined olive oil), or water.
Pictures of breast enhancement can be seen at the past program blogs of Bubblemelon and anon02.
breast-endocrinology.pdf describes the science of breast development and endocrinology. It also describes symptoms related to hormone imbalances. Biology and hormone imbalances are excerpts from this ebook. breast-endocrinology.pdf uses a Creative Commons (CC BY-ND 4.0) license.
super-bazongas.pdf is the 2nd volume that is a breast enhancement guide. It continues with a theory of herb use for breast development, and the application for herb use. This volume is free for personal and fair use.
For resources on hips and butt enhancement, see: /appendix/hips-butt-enhancement and /appendix/kettlebell.
Breast enhancement; health blog
Blog updates: breast topics and health related content.
- The effect of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) gel 3% in decreasing hair thickness in idiopathic mild to moderate hirsutism, A randomized placebo controlled clinical trial.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3894467/.
- Study of Foeniculum vulgare Effect on Folliculogenesis in Female Mice. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122825/.
- Foeniculum vulgare Mill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4137549/.
- Effect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) vaginal cream on vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26617271.
- Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6999244.
- A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fennel (foeniculum vulgare) on menopausal symptoms: a high placebo response. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29755029/.
- Effect of fennel vaginal cream on sexual function in postmenopausal women: a double blind randomized controlled trial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29696061/.
- Ovarian protection in cyclophosphamide-treated mice by fennel. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28959636/.
- Effect of fennel on pain intensity in dysmenorrhoea: A placebo-controlled trial. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23559811/.
- Oral fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) drop effect on primary dysmenorrhea: Effectiveness of herbal drug. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23983742/.
- EFFECT OF FOENICULUM VULGARE SEED EXTRACT ON MAMMARY GLANDS AND OVIDUCTS OF OVARIECTOMISED RATS. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22557513/.
- Effect of the aqueous extract of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) on the kidney in experimental PCOS female rats. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25050308/.
- Effect of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (fennel) on menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28509813/.
- Rescue effects of aqueous seed extracts of Foeniculum vulgare and Carum carvi against cadmium-induced hepatic, renal and gonadal damage in female albino rats. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29268967/.
- Thresholds of carcinogenicity of flavors. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12151622.
Etymology & Definitions:
- USDA Plant classification: fennel. https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=FOENI&display=31.
- USDA Plant classification: sweet fennel. https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=FOVU.
- The Plant List: Foeniculum. http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Apiaceae/Foeniculum/.
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]: Fennel. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK501793/.