Clover has prolactin properties, despite that clover has been commonly referred to as phytoestrogenic.
Clover is a plant genus that goes by the scientific name of Trifolium. It belongs to the Fabaceae family, also known as the Leguminosae (legume) or pea family.
"Clover disease" is a common ailment of birds and livestock who consume excessive amounts of clover, causing reproductive problems, including reduced gonad size, and reduced fertility. Clover disease can even eventually cause sterility, and this is a concern for humans too.
Without the presence of androgens, estrogens increase prolactin's effects of reducing fertility than just clover alone. However, a lack of estrogen (even when compared to androgens, progesterone or prolactin) is also a risk for reduced fertility.
Red Clover; Trifolium pratense
Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) is one of the most popular varieties of Clover used for hormonal issues. It is known as a rich source of phytohormones.
Clover and breast enlargement
Clover should be taken in the smallest doses and not outside of menstruation phase. Because the effects of hops and thistle are less pronounced on ERβ and PRA primarily in the reproductive tract, they should replace clover for the remainder of larger amounts of prolactin raising herbs.
- Berry W, Denison MS, Klasing KC, Millam JR, Rochester JR, Stevenson L. Dietary Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) Induces Oviduct Growth and Decreases Ovary and Testes Growth in Japanese Quail Chicks. Reprod Toxicol. 2008;27(1). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2858001/.
- E Poluzzi, Carlo Piccinni, E Raschi, A Rampa, M Recanatini, FD Ponti. Phytoestrogens in Postmenopause: The State of the Art from a Chemical, Pharmacological and Regulatory Perspective. Curr Med Chem. 2014 Feb; 21(4): 417–436. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3963458/.
- Persistent infertility in ewes after prolonged exposure to oestradiol-17 beta : progesterone and estrogen together reduced fertility more than just either alone. http://www.reproduction-online.org/content/84/1/373.long.
- Wellness Mama. http://wellnessmama.com/26519/risks-essential-oils/.
- Trifolium L. clover. http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRIFO.
- U.S. National Plant Germplasm System: Fabaceae. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomyfamily.aspx?id=440.